poliomyelitis


poliomyelitis
= infantile paralysis; = polio; n.
an infectious virus disease affecting the central nervous system. The virus is excreted in the faeces of an infected person and the disease is therefore most common where sanitation is poor. However, epidemics may occur in more hygienic conditions, where individuals have not acquired immunity to the disease during infancy. Symptoms commence 7–12 days after infection. In most cases paralysis does not occur: in abortive poliomyelitis only the throat and intestines are infected and the symptoms are those of a stomach upset or influenza; in nonparalytic poliomyelitis these symptoms are accompanied by muscle stiffness, particularly in the neck and back. Paralytic poliomyelitis is much less common. The symptoms of the milder forms of the disease are followed by weakness and eventual paralysis of the muscles: in bulbar poliomyelitis the muscles of the respiratory system are involved and breathing is affected. See also post-polio syndrome.
There is no specific treatment, apart from measures to relieve the symptoms: cases of bulbar polio may require the use of a ventilator. Immunization, using the Sabin vaccine (taken orally) or the Salk vaccine (injected), is highly effective.

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Poliomyelitis — Poliomyelitis …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • poliomyelitis — [pō΄lē ō mī΄ə līt′is] n. [ModL < Gr polios, gray + MYELITIS] an acute infectious disease, esp. of children, caused by a viral inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord: it is accompanied by paralysis of various muscle groups that… …   English World dictionary

  • Poliomyelītis — (griech.), Entzündung der grauen Vordersäulen des Rückenmarks. P. anterior acuta der Erwachsenen oder atrophische akute Spinallähmung, eine sehr seltene Krankheit, mit schlaffer Lähmung der Extremitäten verbunden, kann sich völlig oder teilweise… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Poliomyelitis — Polĭomyelītis (grch.), durch einen Bazillus hervorgerufene Entzündung des Rückenmarks, vornehmlich der vordern grauen Hörner, führt zu Lähmung …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • poliomyelitis — (n.) 1878, from Gk. polios grey (see FALLOW (Cf. fallow) (adj.)) + myelos marrow + ITIS (Cf. itis) inflammation. So called because the gray matter in the spinal cord is inflamed, which causes paralysis. The earlier name was infantile paralysis… …   Etymology dictionary

  • poliomyelitis — ► NOUN ▪ an infectious disease, caused by a virus, that affects the central nervous system and can cause temporary or permanent paralysis. ORIGIN from Greek polios grey + muelos marrow …   English terms dictionary

  • Poliomyelitis — Polio redirects here. For the virus, see Poliovirus. Not to be confused with poliosis, a condition of the hair being or becoming white or grey. Poliomyelitis Classification and external resources A man with an atrophie …   Wikipedia

  • Poliomyelitis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 A80.0 Akute paralytische Poliomyelitis durch Impfvirus A80.1 Akute paralytische Poliomyelitis durch importiertes Wildvirus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Poliomyelitis — An acute and sometimes devastating viral disease. Man is the only natural host for poliovirus. The virus enters the mouth and multiplies in lymphoid tissues in the pharynx and intestine. Small numbers of virus enter the blood and go to other… …   Medical dictionary

  • poliomyelitis — Infantile paralysis In fan*tile pa*ral y*sis (Med.) An acute viral disease, affecting almost exclusively infants and young adults, characterized by inflammation of the anterior horns of the gray substance of the spinal cord. It is attended with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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